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The Temple Mount in the time of Solomon
As storm clouds gather over Jerusalem and the Temple Mount, we continue with our series on the development of Mount Moriah.
In our previous post, we talked about the locations of the Altar and the Holy of Holies. What happened after David built the Altar? After ruling seven years in Hebron, he made Jerusalem the capital of Israel. The first thing he did was bring the Ark of the Covenant from Kiriath-jearim to Jerusalem, the City of David. There it rested, presumably in a tent in the grounds of David’s palace, until circa 967 BC .
The Ark was then moved into the new temple that was built on Mount Moriah by Solomon, the son of David.
This sacred compound was surrounded by a wall that formed the Temple court.
On the visit of the Queen of Sheba to Jerusalem (1 Kings 10), the Ascent which Solomon built from this complex up to the Temple, was one of the things that inspired her awe.
For those of you who are interested, Carta very much hope to publish our guide book to the Temple Mount at the earliest propitious moment.
The first drawing in this series showed Mount Moriah itself.
10 thoughts on “The Temple Mount in the time of Solomon”
Is it possible the ascent that was built prior to the Queen of Sheba’s visit to the temple area is still under the present Temple Mount or was it demolished when Herod enlarged the temple grounds?
King Hezekiah built a new square Temple Mount, measuring 500 cubits square and also renewed the damaged Temple of Solomon. In order to create a new platform, he must have dismantled Solomon’s Palace and other structures. The removal of the ascent may have been referred to by the Prophet Isaiah, “He has taken away the covering of Judah” (22.8).
Thanks once again for a excellent article!
Just one small thing though. You mention a wall around this temenos. I was under the impression there is no such (expected) wall mentioned so early on. Is it possible to know your source for suggesting this, please?
Solomon’s Temple was set in a temenos or courtyard that was surrounded by a wall. Source: 1Kings 6:36 “And he built the inner court with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams.”
Has your research led you to consider the size and shape of ezekiel’s Temple? Large or small temple?
Both small and large. The Temple described in Ezekiel had a wall around it measuring 500 reeds by 500 reeds (Ezek. 42:16-20), that is about 1.5 km or 1 mile square. The Temple itself stood within a centrally placed square Temple Mount measuring 500 cubits, just as the one built by King Hezekiah. One arrives at this measurement by adding the lengths of the lower gates (50 cubits) the lower court (100 cubits), the upper gate (50 cubits) and the square courtyard in front of the temple (100 cubits), in the centre of which stood the altar, and then again the upper gate (50 cubits) the lower court (100 cubits) and the lower gate (50 cubits), making a total of 500 cubits. The Temple itself was not dissimular to Solomon’s Temple, both of which had a Holy of Holies measuring 20 cubits square (Ezek. 41:4).
Hope this helps.
We agree! So any disagree without these measurements. Thank you. How is Kathleen?
Glad you agree. Kathleen is doing faily well, taking her PD into consideration. It is her birthday today!