Peter’s House in the early fifth century



In the early fifth century, an octagonal church with two concentric walls was built over the venerated room. The inner octagon was built exactly over the venerated room, which had served as a house-church or domus ecclesia. Concentric churches were used to commemorate a special place or event in Christian history, in this case to remember that Capernaum was the place where Jesus lived during most of his Galilean ministry. The remaining rooms of Peter’s House were demolished to create a large open space around the new church building.