Arad is an ancient Canaanite city in the Negev, mentioned in Numbers 21.1. The Canaanites were initially successful in their fight against Israel, but the tables were soon turned when the Israelites destroyed the city. Arad also features in the list of Canaanite cities that were conquered by the Israelites (Joshua 12.14).
The city of Arad extended over a large area and had a sacred precinct. This reconstruction drawing shows the largest of two twin temples that have been excavated. The temple has three rooms, the smaller one of which was the holy of holies. A stone stele was found in the room on the left. In the courtyard stood a large square altar with a stone lined pit, which was used as a ceremonial washing basin, next to it.