The construction of the Temple of Domitian in 82 AD gave Ephesus the honour of neokoros (“temple guardian”). The name of Domitian, who was an unpopular Roman Emperor, was erased after his death. However, in order not to lose its status of neokoros, the temple was rededicated to Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty.
In this close-up view, a male figure can be seen on the column to the left and a female at the right column. Some scholars suggest that the figure on the upper left column represents Titus, the Roman general who sacked Jerusalem in 70 AD and who succeeded his father Vespasian as emperor.