The Middle Gate is mentioned in Jeremiah 39.3 as the place where the Babylonian princes came together to celebrate their conquest of Jerusalem.
The destruction of Jerusalem was dramatically exposed in the excavations in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. Here a large L-shaped fortified wall was found, which was identified by Dr. Leen Ritmeyer as part of a gateway.
This gate was called the Middle Gate as it was located in the middle of the northern wall of Jerusalem at that time. At the outside corner of the gate, four arrowheads were found lying on a thick layer of burnt material. Three arrowheads were made of iron and belonged to the Israelite forces, while the other one was made of bronze and belonged to a Scythian division of the Babylonian army.