Via Maris near Capernaum



The Via Maris was the major trade route between Egypt in the south, and Syria with Mesopotamia in the northeast. Part of the Via Maris, namely the imperial road, ran west through Capernaum and then northwest and north along the west side of the Jordan River to the nearest crossing point where it joined the Via Maris again.

This road was used by many traders, who, apart from buying and selling, also exchanged items of news. This explains how, according to Matthew 4:24, the fame of Jesus “spread throughout all Syria.” Jesus himself, as far as we know, never went to Syria, but the traders would have told the people they met in Syria all about him and the wonderful works he did.