The Rock inside the Dome of the Rock



This isometric drawing shows the Rock, which is the top of Mount Moriah, inside the Islamic Dome of the Rock. The grey blocks are the bases of the columns that support the golden dome.
The Holy of Holies (Most Holy Place) of Solomon’s Temple stood on this mountain top.
We believe that, in the time of David, the Angel stood here with his hand stretched out to destroy Jerusalem (2 Samuel 24.16; 1 Chronicles 21.15). David was then told to build an altar in the threshing floor of Araunah (2 Samuel 24.18; 1 Chronicles 21.18). The threshing floor was not located on this mountain top, but a little distance to the east. It is believed that this threshing floor is the same place where Abraham built an altar to sacrifice his son Isaac (Genesis 22.9).
When Solomon built the Temple, flat areas needed to be created in order for the rectangular foundation stones to stand perfectly horizontal. Even when the stones have disappeared, these flat areas (foundation trenches) can still be detected.
In the centre of the Holy of Holies is a level depression that was specially made for the Ark of the Covenant (1 Kings 8.6,21).